# MonomialOrder -- monomial ordering

## Description

MonomialOrder -- an optional argument used with polynomial rings and monoids to indicate a monomial ordering other than the default (graded reverse lexicographic).

In Macaulay2, each polynomial ring (and also each monoid) is equipped with a monomial order, which is used for display of polynomials (terms are listed in descending monomial order), and also for GrÃ¶bner basis computations.

In the most general setting, a monomial ordering is given by a list of ordering tests, of various types listed and described below, each of which provides a partial ordering on the monomials. The ordering tests are applied sequentially, starting with the first one, until one monomial is judged greater than the other. At the end, if necessary, the graded reverse lexicographic order is used to compare the monomials. For examples, see below, or see monomial orderings.

Permissible elements:

Some examples of monomial orders. Note that if only one item is in the list, we can dispense with the list.

• MonomialOrder => {GRevLex=>2, GRevLex=>3} -- a product order
• MonomialOrder => {2, 3} -- same
• MonomialOrder => {Weights=>{1,13,6,2}} -- a weight order
• MonomialOrder => Weights=>{1,13,6,2} -- same
If any monomials will be less than 1 in the ordering, then the option Global => false should be used.
 i1 : QQ[x,y, Weights => {-1,1}, Global => false] o1 = QQ[x..y] o1 : PolynomialRing i2 : x<1 o2 = true i3 : y<1 o3 = false

## Functions with optional argument named MonomialOrder :

• "graphIdeal(...,MonomialOrder=>...)" -- see graphIdeal(RingMap) -- the ideal of the graph of the regular map corresponding to a ring map
• "graphRing(...,MonomialOrder=>...)" -- see graphRing(RingMap) -- the coordinate ring of the graph of the regular map corresponding to a ring map
• "monoid(...,MonomialOrder=>...)" -- see monoid -- make or retrieve a monoid
• "newRing(...,MonomialOrder=>...)" -- see newRing -- make a copy of a ring, with some features changed
• "pushForward(...,MonomialOrder=>...)" -- see pushForward(RingMap,Module)
• rsort(...,MonomialOrder=>...) -- specify Ascending or Descending monomial order
• sort(...,MonomialOrder=>...) -- specify Ascending or Descending monomial order
• sortColumns(...,MonomialOrder=>...) -- specify Ascending or Descending monomial order
• "symmetricAlgebra(...,MonomialOrder=>...)" -- see symmetricAlgebra -- the symmetric algebra of a module
• "tensor(Monoid,Monoid,MonomialOrder=>...)" -- see tensor(Monoid,Monoid) -- tensor product of monoids
• tensor(PolynomialRing,PolynomialRing,MonomialOrder=>...) (missing documentation)
• tensor(PolynomialRing,QuotientRing,MonomialOrder=>...) (missing documentation)
• tensor(QuotientRing,PolynomialRing,MonomialOrder=>...) (missing documentation)
• tensor(QuotientRing,QuotientRing,MonomialOrder=>...) (missing documentation)
• tensor(Ring,Ring,MonomialOrder=>...) (missing documentation)

## For the programmer

The object MonomialOrder is .