next | previous | forward | backward | up | top | index | toc | Macaulay2 website
Macaulay2Doc :: memoize

memoize -- record results of function evaluation for future use


memoize f -- produces, from a function f, a new function that behaves the same as f, but remembers previous answers to be provided the next time the same arguments are presented.

i1 : fib = n -> if n <= 1 then 1 else fib(n-1) + fib(n-2)

o1 = fib

o1 : FunctionClosure
i2 : time fib 28
     -- used 3.62514 seconds

o2 = 514229
i3 : fib = memoize fib

o3 = fib

o3 : FunctionClosure
i4 : time fib 28
     -- used 0.000086673 seconds

o4 = 514229
i5 : time fib 28
     -- used 2.28e-6 seconds

o5 = 514229

The function memoize operates by constructing a MutableHashTable in which the argument sequences are used as keys for accessing the return value of the function.

An optional second argument to memoize provides a list of initial values, each of the form x => v, where v is the value to be provided for the argument x.

Warning: the new function created by memoize will save references to all arguments and values it encounters, and this will often prevent those arguments and values from being garbage-collected as soon as they might have been. If the arguments are implemented as mutable hash tables (modules, matrices and rings are implemented this way) then a viable strategy is to stash computed results in the arguments themselves. See also CacheTable.

Ways to use memoize :

For the programmer

The object memoize is a method function.